Gentle Dental of Center City
201 South 13th Street, 1st Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107

Glossary of Dental Terms

Abscess

An infection in a tooth, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation.

 

Abutment

Tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.

 

Adhesive Dentistry

Process in which composite resin is adhered to the existing enamel of a tooth. This can be used to repair or improve the appearance of a tooth.

 

Allergy

An abnormal reaction of the body to a drug or foreign substance.

 

Anesthesia

General or local insensibility to pain, induced by certain interventions or drugs to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedures.

 

Anterior Teeth

The six upper and lower front teeth. These consist of incisors and cuspids.

 

Bicuspid or pre-molar

Any of eight teeth located in pairs on each side of the upper and lower jaws between the cuspids and molars.

 

Bonding

A procedure for restoring the discolored or damaged surface of a tooth by coating it with composite resin that adheres to the existing enamel.

 

Bridge

An artificial replacement of a missing tooth or teeth, attached by cement or composite resin to natural teeth or roots adjacent to the space.

 

Crown

1.             The part of a tooth that is covered by enamel and not covered by gum tissue.

2.             An artificial substitute, as of gold or porcelain, which entirely covers the anatomical crown of a tooth

 

Cuspid or canine

The four pointed or conical teeth also commonly known as ‘eyeteeth’.

 

DDS

Doctor of Dental Surgery

 

Dentin

Hard tissue that forms the inner layer of the structure of a tooth and is situated beneath the surface enamel

 

Dental implant

A metal screw (often titanium) that is surgically anchored in the gums or jawbone to support a dental appliance or replace a missing tooth.

 

Denture

An artificial replacement of some or all of the natural teeth

 

Disease of the gums

Periodontal disease (also called “Gum Disease” or “Periodontal Disease”) involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. If not removed, plaque builds up on the teeth and ultimately irritates the gums and causes bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss. More than 75 percent of Americans over 35 have some form of gum disease.

 

DMD

Doctor of Dental Medicine

 

Enamel

The hard layer covering of the crown of a tooth.

 

Endodontics

The area of dentistry concerned with the treatment of the dental pulp or nerve of the tooth.

 

Endodontists

Endodontists are dentists who have additionally 2-3 years of training following dental school and typically limit their practice to root canal therapy and root canal surgery. Very often Endodontists earn a graduate degree (Master’s degree) as well as specialized certified training. While some Dentists perform root canals themselves, generally Dentists will refer a patient requiring Endodontics to a trained Endodontist.

 

Filling

A substance, such as metal, porcelain or resin, that is used to replace lost tooth structured caused by decay.

 

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums.

 

Halitosis

Bad breath

 

Incisors

The four front teeth in either the upper or lower jaw.

 

Malocclusion

Faulty contact between the upper and lower teeth, causing these teeth to be misaligned.

 

Mandible

The lower jaw

 

Maxilla

The upper jaw

 

Molars

Teeth for grinding food, located in the back of the mouth on either side.

 

Nerve (root) canal

Hollow passage inside of a tooth, inhabited by nerve tissue.

 

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases or injuries upper jaw or face.

 

Oral Surgeon

An Oral Surgeon (“Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon” or OMFS) first receive their training in dentistry and then continue further specialization in treating the areas of the mouth, jaws and the face as well as associated structures. While Oral Surgeons often additionally go on to study medicine and may go so far to take a Medical Degree (MD), a medical degree is not required for an OMFS to practice. Oral & maxillofacial surgery is universally recognized as a one of the nine specialties of dentistry.

 

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that involved the treatment of improper bites (“malocclusions”) making use of a variety of devises, most commonly, braces, to move teeth or adjust underlying bone. The word comes from the Greek words ortho meaning straight and odons meaning tooth.

 

Orthodontist

Orthodontists first complete 4 years of dental school training (DDS). Orthodontists additionally complete 2-3 of residency training focused on the specific treatment and realignment of misaligned teeth with devises including braces, retainers and other methods.

 

Overbite

Condition in which the upper incisors overlap the lower ones.

 

Pediatric Dentistry

The practice of dentistry on children.

 

Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric Dentists (or Pediodontists) study an additional 2 years in a residency program following their graduation from dental school. As specified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Pediatric Dentists study advanced diagnostic and surgical procedures, along with child psychology and clinical management, oral pathology, child-related pharmacology, radiology, child development, management of oral/facial trauma, care for patients with special needs, conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

 

Periodontics/Periodontist

Periodontists typically study for an additional 3 years following dental school. During their clinical training, Periodontists are involved in learning both the treatment, as well as prevention techniques for periodontal diseases. Periodontists may also study advanced surgical techniques such as periodontal plastic surgery, and dental implant placement.According to the American Academy of Periodontology there are currently 52 institutions offer advanced training programs in periodontics in the United States

 

Periodontal Disease(also known as Periodontics)

Periodontal disease, also called “gum disease”, involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. When plaque builds up on the teeth, it can result in gum irritation and possibly bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss

 

Plaque

Deposit of saliva, food and bacteria that accumulates on the teeth in the from of a whitish, sticky substance.

 

Prosthodontics

The area of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth or jaw structures by bridges, dentures, or other artificial devices.

 

Prosthodontist

Specialist who must complete dental training (DDS) and then continue for an additional 3 years of specialty training in the area of prosthodontics (i.e. implants, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry). Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics

 

Root

The embedded portion of a tooth that connects it to the jaw.

 

Root Canal

The space inside the root of the tooth. This space contains the pulp.

Also, this is the term commonly used for root canal therapy, a procedure in which the nerve and tissues are removed from the canal and replaced with filling material.

 

Splint

Means of securing one or more loose teeth to one or more healthy, secure teeth.

 

 

Tartar

Calculus on the teeth; a hard, yellowish substance that attracts plaque.

 

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint syndrome and TMJ joint disorders are medical problems related to the jaw joint. The TMJ connects the lower jaw to the skull.

 

Veneer

A thin layer of plastic or porcelain applied to the outside of the tooth for aesthetic purposes.

 

Wisdom Teeth

Third molars; the last teeth to appear in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 18 and 25. They are so called because they appear later in life when a person is physically mature.

 

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
On time appointment. Friendly and professional staff. Polite and pleasant.
Rohmane S.
I have very mixed feelings about the Gentle Dental at 13th and Walnut. The seating area looks outdated, run down and downright ugly. The ladies at […]
Anonymous
The staff was friendly, efficient & knowledgable. Wait time was minimal
Delores N.
Had an emergency ; was seen within an hour of calling for appointment
David W.
I accidentally showed up on the wrong appointment date, but they were willing to fit me in. Everybody was polite and I didn't have to wait very long […]
William C.
My experience was great, the dentist, staff and personal were kind and respectful I will continue to cater to Gentle Dental Center City!!!
Elaine C.
I am extremely pleased with my experience at Gentle Dental. Everyone was professional and very friendly. I am deathly afraid of the dentist and was […]
Monique C.
Dr. Alexander and Amanda were wonderful! Amanda has great bedside manner and friendly conversation. Dr. Alexander provided great feedback on areas of […]
Teiquisha J.
I was taken back on time, the dentist briefly explained what he was going to do, very friendly, and completed the procedure in a decent amount of […]
Anonymous
Everyone was nice and the service was great
Annette P.
Great visit,
Cheryl S.
Everyone was very friendly & answered all questions & concerns.
Connie E.
Am very pleased with the quality of service at Gentle dental . Dr . Naga is great as is the technicians and staff .
Anonymous
Tyler was wonderful. I was involved in a freak accident that compromised my dental situation and was completely devastated when I walked in to the […]
Sunita B.
I was very well attended! The staff was friendly and extremely helpful.
Anonymous
The dentist was very pleasant and professional to speak with. However, the receptionist at the desk (when checking out and in) needs to understand […]
Antoinette G.
I receive wonderful service From the Dentist to his Assistants they were so helpful getting me out of this pain i was in. I can't forget Stacey the […]
Jamillah F.
I was very pleased with the office manager who helped acquire a loan for the dental work that needed to be done that day. I was also very pleased […]
Patricia M.
Dr. Tyler Sorensen explained options and costs clearly and then went about fixing my cracked tooth confidently and efficently. High marks.
Jonathan J.
I dreaded going to have a root canal, but to my surprise, it was as pleasant an experience as possible. The doctor put me at ease and did his job […]
Anonymous
Everyone was very nice. Amanda was super sweet.
Jessica M.
They are friendly and conscientious. I will definitely come back.
Meiying C.
The Nurse and the Dentist were very good.
Velena L.
The office is in an old beautiful historic down town building in a high rent part of the city so it's kind of surprising that the waiting area is […]
Markus A.
The dental technician who cared for me was excellent.
Janet P.
The hygienist was very concern of any discomfort & very informative.
Connie E.
I am a client for life. The staff, the Doctors and the assistants are all wonderful. I am extremely happy with my care and if anyone I know is in […]
Alfred J.
Great staff, quick emergency service, left with no pain and in good spirits!!! Already told a friend..Very good experience considering the reason I […]
Carlos D.
Tyler & staff ... the very best dental staff ever.
Peggy B.
The service was good and the atmosphere comfortable.
Derrald H.
I do not always see the same hygienist and dentist, but the care is consistent and high quality.
Kriste L.
Everone was super nice and made me feel very comfortable. I like how I didn't have to wait long and while I waited I watched tv. Thanks
Laquan A.
I had to get a tooth pulled and it was a bit tough but the procedure was done quickly. I will be back to get all of my dental work done at gentle […]
Deborah B.
Short wait, courteous personnel, and speedy procedures. Both Hygienist and DD were very responsive to my concerns. It might help if the procedures […]
Livio A.
I went in for a scaling and a filling. I was told it would take 2 hours but I was in and out in a hour. I couldn't believe it. I was very happy. I […]
Anonymous
the entire staff was very pleasant and professional.
James J.
Timely appointment service
Jerome A.
Pleasant experience, very professional, no complaints
Jermaine T.
I have a dentist that I actually look forward to seeing. He's done some really great, light cosmetic work on me and perfect general dentistry as […]
Markus A.
I had to wait a little pass my appt time but the service that I received made up for the wait. All in all I was satisfied in the end.
Helen C.
Clean facility. Attentive to comfort level during dental cleanings and procedures. Easy to make appointments, not waiting weeks and weeks for […]
Anonymous
The whole staff was very professional and caring.
Alisha W.
The staff there is awesome.
Stacey M.
The staff are friendly and the atmosphere is very welcoming!
Kharma H.
The dental care I have received so far has been quite considerate and thorough (for my dental health and finances). The reception in person and on […]
Daniel S.
Other then the pain I had another pleasant visit.
Andrea M.
Great team at Gentle Dental. Everyone was personable and efficient. Very little pain.
Rebecca F.
Very nice.
Theodore M.
The doctor had excellent chair manner. Took the time needed to make sure I was in no pain. Did the job of filling my teeth excellently. Explained […]
Wadeeah J.
I was there to have a tooth pulled, the tooth was being stubborn. The dentist and his assistant was very determined to get the root of the teeth out. […]
Debra B.
Office Hours
Mon. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sat. – 8:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Sun. – Closed

Open the 1st Saturday of each month.

Phone: (215) 941-5634
Fax: (215) 732-3805
Healthcare Financing with
CareCredit
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

For appointments, call us at: (215) 941-5634 or
Request an Appointment
For appointments, call: (215) 941-5634
Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 1:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (215) 941-5634
Our Location